The quantity and diversity of artistic works during the period do not fit easily into categories for interpretation, but some loose generalizations may be drawn.
Restorative Justice Reparations While it is difficult to give a complete and adequate definition of justice, most observers can recognize clear examples of serious injustice when they arise.
Some actions, such as theft and murder, are commonly recognized as unjust by governments and prohibited by domestic law. However, there are also systemic forms of injustice that may persist in a society.
These traditions and structures give rise to profound injustices that can be difficult to recognize.
Those in power sometimes use the state's legal and political systems to violate the political, economic, and social rights of subordinate groups. If voting or litigation procedures, for example, are perceived to be unjust, any outcome they produce is liable to be unstable and produce conflict.
When the procedure in question has to do with employment or wages, such issues can lead to serious economic and social problems. Economic injustice involves the state's failure to provide individuals with basic necessities of life, such as access to adequate food and housing, and its maintenance of huge discrepancies in wealth.
In the most extreme cases of maldistribution, some individuals suffer from poverty while the elite of that society live in relative luxury. All of these conditions may lead individuals to believe that they have not received a "fair share" of the benefits and resources available in that society.
Even more serious than the injustices discussed above are war crimes and crimes against humanity. During wartime, individuals sometimes perform acts that violate the rules of just war set forth in international law. When soldiers engage in wars of aggression, attack non-combatants or pursue their enemies beyond what is reasonable, they commit not acts of war, but acts of murder.
Such conflict can also lead to severe human rights violations, including genocidetorture, and slavery. These crimes violate individuals' most basic rights to life and physical safety. When political or legal institutions fail to protect individuals' fundamental rights and liberties, members of the unjustly treated group feel disempowered.
If the subordinate group believes that it lacks the power to change things through political or diplomatic means, it may conclude that the only effective way to pursue justice is through violent confrontation.
In addition, because the dominant group typically has more power to inflict harm, such struggles often fail. Therefore, violence is often an ineffective way of addressing injustice, and many believe that it should be used only as a last resort. Responding To Injustice Many scholars and activists note that in order to truly address injustice internationally, we must strive to understand its underlying causes.
These causes have to do with underdevelopment, economic pressures, various social problems, and international conditions. It is only by understanding and ameliorating these root causes and strengthening civil society that we can truly protect human rights. There are various ways to address the political, economic and social injustices mentioned above.
Whether a response proves to be appropriate and effective depends on the nature of the grievance. Addressing political injustice is often a matter of developing institutions of fair governance, such as an accountable police force and judiciary.
Legislative action and executive decision-making should likewise be held accountable. Such measures are sometimes a matter of reforming state institutions or revising state constitutions.Women’s role in economic development: Overcoming the constraints Background paper for the There was also a shift in understanding development as meaning economic development to a more holistic social development focus, yet economic growth remains the main driver.
regardbouddhiste.com Coursework, Essay & Homework assistance including assignments fully Marked by Teachers and Peers. Get the best results here. Essays on Economic Development and Migration By Maria Adriaantje A Kleemans temporary moves to rural destinations and is more likely to be used by those with low levels of wealth, while investment migration is more likely to involve urban destinations, order to better understand the possible impact of climate change on migration.
FAO is developing a programme of work that will provide evidence on the diversity and the determinants of the pathways of rural transformation and patterns of agricultural and food system transitions in a context of accelerated urbanization and increased pressure on natural resources.
This two-part article surveys the origin, development and current meaning of the ‘agrarian question’. Part One of the survey explored the history of the agrarian question, elaborating its origin in the work of Marx, Engels, Kautsky, and Lenin, and its development in the work of . transformation, that is, the reallocation of economic activity across the broad sectors agricul- ture, manufacturing and services.
Kuznets listed structural transformation as one of the six.