The life and works of the russian composer pyotr ilyich tchaikovsky

Life Childhood The Tchaikovsky family in His father, Ilya Petrovich Tchaikovsky, had served as a lieutenant colonel and engineer in the Department of Mines, [2] and would manage the Kamsko-Votkinsk Ironworks. Alexandra's marriage to Lev Davydov [7] would produce seven children and lend Tchaikovsky the only real family life he would know as an adult, [8] especially during his years of wandering. Precocious, within three years he had become as adept at reading sheet music as his teacher.

The life and works of the russian composer pyotr ilyich tchaikovsky

A disastrous marriage In Tchaikovsky married the twenty-eight-year-old Antonina Miliukova, his student at the conservatory. It has been suggested that she reminded him of Tatiana, a character in his opera Eugene Onegin.

His unfortunate wife, who became mentally ill and died innot only suffered rejection by her husband but also the vicious criticism of his brother Modeste Tchaikovsky. Modeste, like Peter, was a misogynist one who hates women. Modeste attacked Antonina in a biography he wrote about Peter.

This was an attempt to shield Peter and mask his weaknesses. Tchaikovsky never stuck around to find out what she was like.

BBC Radio 3 - Composer of the Week, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Within a few weeks he had fled Moscow alone for an extended stay abroad. He made arrangements through his relatives to never see his wife again. In his correspondence of this period—indeed through a large part of his career—he was often morbid gloomy about his wife, money, his friends, even his music and himself.

He often spoke of suicide. Even during his life critics treated him unkindly because of his open, emotional music.

Middle years

But he never sought to change his style, though he was dissatisfied at one time or another with most of his works. He also never stopped composing.

Arrangement with Madame von Meck Tchaikovsky became involved in another important relationship at about the same time as his marriage. Through third parties an unusual but helpful arrangement with the immensely wealthy Nadezhda von Meck was made.

She was attracted by his music and the possibility of supporting his creative work, and he was interested in her money and what it could provide him.

For thirteen years she supported him at a base rate of six thousand rubles a year, plus whatever "bonuses" he could manage to get out of her. He was free to quit the conservatory, and he began a series of travels and stays abroad. Von Meck and Tchaikovsky purposely never met, except for one or two accidental encounters.

In their correspondence Tchaikovsky discusses his music thoughtfully; in letters to his family he complains about her cheapness. He dedicated his Fourth Symphony to her. Tchaikovsky finished Eugene Onegin in It is his only opera generally performed outside the Soviet Union.

Other works of this period are the Violin Concertothe Fifth Symphonyand the ballet Sleeping Beauty To rest from his public appearances he chose a country retreat in Klin near Moscow. From this he became known as the "Hermit of Klin," although he was never a hermit.

In he finished the opera Queen of Spades, based on a story by the Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin — Tchaikovsky was happy when, despite the criticism of "experts," the opera was well received.

In late Von Meck cut him off. He had reached the point where he no longer depended on her money, but he was still upset by her rejection. Even his brother Modeste expressed surprise at his anger. Tchaikovsky had an immensely successful tour in the United States in The Sixth Symphony was first heard in Octoberwith the composer conducting.

Tchaikovsky never knew of its eventual astonishing success, for he contracted cholera a disease of the small intestine and died, still complaining about Von Meck, on November 6, For More Information Cencetti, Greta.

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky - Wikipedia

Peter Bedrick Books, 10 Amazing Facts About Tchaikovsky Posted by Revelle Team on Sep 13, Every music student is familiar with at least one of the works of master composer, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Pyotr (Peter) Ilyich Tchaikovsky was born on May 7, , in Votkinsk, Vyatka region, Russia.

He was the second of six children (five brothers and one sister). His father, named Ilya Chaikovsky, was a mining business executive in Votkinsk. Donald Macleod explores the conflicted relationships and mysteries in the life of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Donald begins this week’s episode by looking at Tchaikovsky’s early years as a civil servant, wrestling with the tension between his desire to compose music and his responsibilities as a bureaucrat in St Petersburg.

The life and works of the russian composer pyotr ilyich tchaikovsky

Tchaikovsky was born into a fairly wealthy middle-class family. His father, Ilya Petrovich (a two-time divorcee) married Alexandra and the two had two sons, Pyotr and Modest.

Tchaikovsky was a precocious child having learned to read French and German at the age of six. A year later, he was writing. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky () was a Russian composer whose works included symphonies, concertos, operas, ballets, and chamber music.

Life and Music Tchaikovsky was born on May 7th in Votkinsk, a small town in the Russian Empire. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky: Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, the most popular Russian composer of all time, best known for his ballets Swan Lake and The Nutcracker.

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky | Biography, Compositions, & Facts |