Thornton was the daughter of Francis Thornton and Mary Taliaferro. After his father died of pneumonia in Novemberhe moved with his mother and stepfather Captain John Marks to Georgia. Lewis had no formal education until he was 13 years of age, but during his time in Georgia he enhanced his skills as a hunter and outdoorsman. He would often venture out in the middle of the night in the dead of winter with only his dog to go hunting.
Co-commanders of the Corps of Discovery Achievements Lewis: Persona Secretary to Pres. The United States purchased Louisiana from France in The huge part of the land west of the Mississippi River was completely unknown to Americans and needed to be examined first before it could be settled.
President Jefferson decided to send an exploratory expedition west so he appointed his own private secretary, Meriwether Lewis as a Commander in charge of the expedition and finding appropriate guides for it. Lewis invited his former superior officer from the Army, William Clark, to be his Co-commander.
The Lewis And Clark Expedition Begins Their mission was to explore the unknown territory, establish trade with the Natives and affirm the sovereignty of the United States in the region.
One of their goals was to find a waterway from the US to the Pacific Ocean.
Lewis and Clark commanded the Corps of Discovery which consisted of 33 people, including Meriwether lewis Indian woman and one slave. They failed to find a waterway from the Mississippi to the Pacific, but succeeded in documenting more than new animals and plants, as well as Meriwether lewis maps of the region.
The expedition was so marked in history that the story of the explorers was made into many films and many books have been written about them. Sacagawea was Meriwether lewis Native American who guided their mission because she knew the native land far better than the European travelers.
The travelers, Sacagawea and often her husband are depicted in many different ways in paintings, carvings, and in media. Learn more about Sacagawea. They knew that any foreign power that ruled the Mississippi faced the soft western underbelly of the United States and could, if war came, thrust a dagger deep into the vitals of the republic.
Even in peacetime, foreign rule of the mighty stream would paralyze American expansion into the fertile lands to the west.
Thus, when the Treaty of Paris was signed in September ending the war, American rights to the Mississippi were boldly spelled out: At the same time, Jefferson knew that Spanish agents were intriguing to detach the western territory from the eastern seaboard with tempting promises of free navigation of the Mississippi and use of the port of New Orleans at its mouth.
Now President Jefferson and the United States confronted across the wide face of the Mississippi not the declining power of Spain, but the bristling might of the strongest realm in Europe under the brilliant warrior Napoleon. Just when things seemed like they could only get worse, help came from a totally unexpected quarter—Napoleon himself.
Yet as Jefferson would find out, buying the Louisiana Territory was one thing—claiming and occupying it would be another matter, altogether. With both the British in Canada and the Spanish in Texas and the Southwest already casting covetous eyes toward Louisiana and inciting Indians to resist American attempts to penetrate the region, there was only one way that Jefferson could assert national claims to the land: To do this, he turned to the U.
Inthe entire Army numbered approximately 3, officers and men. There were only two regiments of infantry and hardly any cavalry, a crippling handicap in policing the wide plains of Louisiana.
There was only one regiment of artillery and just 17 engineer officers and cadets. The force was composed entirely of volunteer professionals, and it included probably the largest trained body of engineers and surveyors in the nation. When Lewis and Clark marched out of St. Only 14 enlisted men out of hundreds of anxious volunteers were finally selected for the grueling march ahead; another seven soldiers would accompany them at least part of the way.
The members of the expedition were the product of a rigorous selection process and also were armed with the most sophisticated weapon the United States had yet produced, the Model In mid-MarchLewis had personally chosen 15 of these firearms for the soldiers of the party while on a special visit to the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Va.
The keelboat carried a small-bore cannon and two large blunderbusses, while the pirogues each had a single blunderbuss. Lewis himself did not join the Corps until May 21 at St. Charles, having been detained by business at St. Throughout the voyage upriver, strict military discipline was observed.
Whenever they would stop onshore for provisions, sentinels would reconnoiter yards around each stopping place. At night, the boats were closely guarded. There was cause for such alertness: Charles the Corps had its first taste of the military discipline—harsh by modern standards—that would ensure its survival in the months ahead.
Three enlisted men were punished because of excesses during their shore leave in the town, on the north side of the river. The discipline exacted at such a high price to the three soldiers would, nevertheless, prove its worth.
For unknown to Lewis and Clark, the Spanish had reneged on the promise of safe conduct given to Jefferson by the Spanish ambassador, the Marques de Yrujo. Fortunately, the Indians never found them. As dark clouds of intrigue were settling over the Corps of Discovery, the hardy troops continued their journey up the Missouri.
Summer found them approaching the land of the Lakotas or Sioux, even then acknowledged to be the warrior kings of the Great Plains.Seaman. W hether he was Lewis's pet or the expedition's working dog—or both—he was likely smaller than today's Newfoundland dog.
Did he get lost on the way home or was he present at Lewis's death? Bears on the Lewis and Clark Expedition It was the largest bear they'd ever seen, a great grizzly bear that weighed an estimated pounds.
The Annual PTO Fall Fun Fair is right around the corner. Keep an eye out in the coming days for more information about games, activities, food . Read an Excerpt. Chapter 1 Youth From the west-facing window of the room in which Meriwether Lewis was born on August 18, , one could look out at Rockfish Gap, in the Blue Ridge Mountains, an opening to the West that invited exploration.
The home page of the Lewis and Clark Trail Heritage Foundation (LCTHF). Meriwether Lewis: A Biography [Richard Dillon] on regardbouddhiste.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Lewis was undoubtedly the greatest pathfinder this country has ever had. The crucial expedition that he and William Clark led up the Missouri River opened up the American West. This award-winning biography chronicles that bold voyage and probes the lesser known aspects of Lewis.