In its modern form hockey was standardized by students at McGill University in The game rapidly spread nationwide; recognition came in when Lord Stanley, Canada's governor general, established the Stanley Cup. Ice hockey was distinctly Canadian; it was a winter sport with vague rules, played on conveniently available outside ice. There were few spectators.
Read in another language History of the motorcycle This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations.
February Learn how and when to remove this template message The history of the motorcycle begins in the second half of the 19th century.
Motorcycles are descended from the " safety bicycle ," a bicycle with front and rear wheels of the same size and a pedal crank mechanism to drive the rear wheel. Instead, the idea seems to have occurred to numerous engineers and inventors around Europe at around the same time.
Contents Lucius Copeland In the s Pierre Michauxa blacksmith in Paris, founded 'Michaux et Cie' "Michaux and company"the first company to construct bicycles with pedals called a velocipede at the time, or "Michauline". Roper of Roxbury, Massachusetts developed a twin-cylinder steam velocipedewith a coal-fired boiler between the wheels.
Roper's contribution to motorcycle development ended suddenly when he died demonstrating one of his machines in Cambridge, Massachusetts on June 1, Although the patent is datednothing indicates the invention had been operable before In Copeland formed the Northrop Manufacturing Co.
Butler's vehicle was also the first design to be shown at the International Inventions Exhibition in London. The vehicle was built by the Merryweather Fire Engine company in Greenwichin Starting was by compressed air.
Speed was controlled by means of a throttle valve lever. No braking system was fitted; the vehicle was stopped by raising and lowering the rear driving wheel using a foot-operated lever; the weight of the machine was then borne by two small castor wheels.
The driver was seated between the front wheels. Replica of the Daimler-Maybach Reitwagen Another early internal combustionpetroleum fueled motorcycle was the Petroleum Reitwagen.
Instead, it relied on two outrigger wheels to remain upright while turning. It was designed as an expedient testbed for their new engine, rather than a true prototype vehicle.
The first instance of the term "motor cycle" also appears in English the same year in materials promoting machines developed by E. Pennington although Pennington's motorcycles never progressed past the prototype stage.
Peugeot Motocycles remains the oldest motorcycle manufacturer in the world.
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