While the proportion of mental health problems is approximately the same for younger adults, older adults are more vulnerable than younger adults to develop psychological problems resulting from factors that impact the quality of life such as stress, ill health, loss, decline in cognitive skills, and changes in living situations. The Aging Body Although aging affects everyone, its rate and extent varies from person to person.
Challenging the Myth of Primitive Harmony. Nothing has lent greater intellectual credibility to the prevailing academic ethos than the principle of cultural relativism, first adumbrated in the work of earlyth-century anthropologists and now entrenched in most anthropology departments nationwide.
Supporting the contentions of the cultural relativists is a library of anthropological literature written by such luminaries as Robert Redfield, Margaret Mead, Ruth Benedict, and Bronislaw Malinowski, all of whose books have made a profound impression on both the academic world and the popular imagination.
This book explodes the assumptions of cultural relativism by scrutinizing its underlying scholarship.
In particular, and in colorful detail, Edgerton examines a variety of folk cultures that have persisted in maintaining traditional practices which are maladaptive: In his introductory remarks, Edgerton generously extends his congratulations to the work of his relativist colleagues.
While effective in advancing the relativist world view, this approach has disserved scientific integrity and, in fact, has gravely slandered the cultures under examination.
The principal item in the natural resources of Kenya is the land, and in this term we include the colony's mineral resources. It seems to us that our major objective must clearly be the preservation and the wise use of this most important asset. Fake News Papers Fake News Videos. A Few Abbreviations. Trouble in Paradise Sick Societies: Challenging the Myth of Primitive Harmony. by Robert B. Edgerton. Free Press. pp. $ Nothing has lent greater intellectual.
Where there is an absence of rigorous intercultural competition, populations tend to stick with traditional solutions to common problems even if they are visibly unhappy with the quality of these solutions. The inherent conservatism of most societies, conspicuous in cults of ancestor worship, not only works to prevent technological innovation but breeds suspicious attitudes toward any form of change.
Worse still, because these societies have such a limited scientific understanding, they often make erroneous causal inferences, superstitiously attributing all manner of ills and disasters to witches, devils, or unappeased goddesses.
But living in perpetual terror of wrathful ghosts is as nothing to the day-to-day difficulties and misery of many folk societies.
Poor health is a common feature, whether one is living in a mosquito-infested swampland or the balmy, breezy South Pacific where until recently the average life expectancy was thirty years.
In one particularly gruesome example, Edgerton depicts the surgical practices adopted by the Mae Enga of Papua New Guinea to treat arrow wounds: Sick Societies also discredits the widespread view that folk peoples are somehow born ecologists who know better than to mistreat the land that provides their sustenance.
Folk communities were not only responsible for the deforestation of the entire Middle East, but can be blamed for driving mammoths, saber-toothed tigers, and other big game to wholesale extinction. A particularly tragic feature that predominates in most folk societies is their rigid and clearly defined social stratification which is, among other things, commonly abusive of women.
In many folk societies, females are arbitrarily denied adequate access to animal protein; in one community, this led women to supplement their meager diet with human flesh. It would be both factually mistaken and morally callous, although in keeping with the dictates of cultural relativism, to suggest that women become inured to or even enjoy this sort of treatment.
A saying popular among Pokot women goes: The Inuit are beset by a homicide rate comparable to that of any inner-city ghetto; in the tribal highlands of Papua, New Guinea, warfare accounts for between 20 and 30 percent of all deaths.
Long before the Europeans colonized Africa, political exploitation was well known to the Zulus. Slavery supplied the bulk of labor for the West African Asante empire. To be sure, maladaptive practices have also flourished, and continue to exist, in the West.
After all, it is only in the West where painless medical techniques prevail, where women have real political and economic opportunities, and where the specter of warfare no longer haunts everyday life. In their enchanting tales of folk societies, anthropologists have helped to encourage the politics of multiculturalism by suppressing the dark, the unsettling, the often disgusting and violent facts.
The sobering stories told by Robert Edgerton serve to remind us of the danger posed by academic theories to our sense both of others and of ourselves.Rae West 20th August Some people believe that whites need to reunite as Christian communities as part of the process of opposing so-called 'Jews'.
Or to return to what they think was a comfortable, better life as Christians. An unsentimental look at the ways in which ``primitive'' or ``folk'' societies, independent of colonial influence, engender in their inhabitants the anxiety, alienation, and suffering we have historically attributed to urban civilization.
11 of these 15 societies have homicide rates higher than that of the most violent modern nation, and 14 out of the 15 have homicide rates higher than that of the United States in The one exception, the Batek of Malaysia, have a long history of being violently attacked and enslaved by neighboring groups, and developed a survival tactic of running away and studiously avoiding conflict.
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The myth of the peace-loving "noble savage" is persistent and pernicious. Indeed, for the last fifty years, most popular and scholarly works have agreed that prehistoric warfare was rare, harmless, unimportant, and, like smallpox, a disease of civilized societies alone.
The principal item in the natural resources of Kenya is the land, and in this term we include the colony's mineral resources. It seems to us that our major objective must clearly be the preservation and the wise use of this most important asset.