A biography of ida tarbell the creator of investigative journalism

Ida Minerva Tarbell November 5, — January 6, was an American teacher, author and journalist.

A biography of ida tarbell the creator of investigative journalism

She was one of the leading muckrakers of the progressive era of the late 19th and early 20th centuries and pioneered investigative journalism. This one masterpiece of investigative journalism would bring about the dissolution of Standard Oil as a monopoly and lead to the Clayton Antitrust Act.

She wrote biographies on Madame Roland and Napoleon Bonaparte. Tarbell believed that "the Truth and motivations of powerful human beings could be discovered. That Truth, she became convinced, could be conveyed in such a way as to precipitate meaningful social change.

After her expose on Standard Oil she wrote biographies on businessmen Elbert H. Garychairman of U. Steel as well as Owen D. Youngpresident of General Electric. A prolific writer and lecturer, Tarbell was known for taking complex subjects—the oil industry, tariffslabor practices —and breaking them down into informative and easy to understand articles.

A biography of ida tarbell the creator of investigative journalism

Tarbell took part in professional organizations and served on two Presidential committees. After the war, she served on President Warren G. The Panic of hit the Tarbell family hard as banks collapsed and the Tarbells lost their savings.

Franklin Tarbell was away in Iowa building a family homestead when Ida was born.


With no money, he walked across the states of Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio to return[6] and supported himself along the way by teaching in rural schools. When he returned, ragged from his month journey, young Ida Tarbell was said to have told him, "Go away, bad man!

Her father first used his trade to build wooden oil storage tanks. Oil was everywhere in the sand, pits, and puddles. Town founder and neighbour Henry Rouse was drilling for oil when a flame hit natural gas coming from a pump. Tarbell was not allowed to see the bodies, but she snuck into the room where the women awaited burial.

Tarbell suffered from nightmares for the rest of her life. Later, Tarbell would vividly recall this event in her writing, in which she accused the leaders of the Standard Oil Company of using unfair tactics to put her father and many small oil companies out of business.

The members of South Improvement Company received discounts and rebates to offset the rates and put the independents out of business. Franklin Tarbell participated against the South Improvement Company through marches and tipping over Standard Oil railroad tankers.

According to reports by Tarbell herself, she paid little attention in class and was often truant until one teacher set her straight: From childhood, plants, insects, stones were what I saw when I went abroad, what I brought home to press, to put into bottles, to litter up the house I had never realized that they were subjects for study School suddenly became exciting.

She was a founding member of the local sorority that became the Mu chapter of the Kappa Alpha Theta sorority in Tarbell taught classes in geology, botany, geometry, and trigonometry as well as languages: Greek, Latin, French, and German. Flood, editor of The Chautauquan, a teaching supplement for home study courses at Chautauqua, New York.

Initially, Tarbell worked two weeks at the Meadville, Pennsylvania headquarters and worked two weeks at home.

She became managing editor inand her duties included proofreading, answering reader questions, providing proper pronunciation of certain words, translating foreign phrases, identifying characters, and defining words. It was an exacting job which never ceases to worry me.

What if the accent was in the wrong place? What if I brought somebody into the world in the wrong year? That rectitude, while sometimes suggesting inflexibility, drove her instincts for reform, a vital element in her future confrontation with Rockefeller.

McGill had put together a list of close to 2, women. Tarbell wrote in the article, "Three things worth knowing and believing: The article contained history, journalism practices, and advice including a warning that journalism was an open field for women, and yet women should refrain from shedding tears easily and appearing weak.How the New Non-Profit Investigative Outlet regardbouddhiste.com Aims to Cover Money in Politics.

by Bianca Fortis.

Progressive Era in the United States

November 7, a non-profit investigative journalism outlet called Tarbell. The goal of Tarbell, named for muckraker Ida Tarbell, is to shine a light on the way corporations influence American politics and public opinion.

Ida Tarbell was born on November 5th, to a middle class family in Erie County, Pennsylvania. When she was only three years old, her family moved to Titusville, Pennsylvania in search of new oil field reserves to be exploited.

Her father mastered the oil trade by first building oil stor. Ida Minerva Tarbell (November 5, – January 6, ) was an American writer, investigative journalist, biographer and lecturer. She was one of the leading muckrakers of the progressive era of the late 19th and early 20th .

Ida Tarbell's dogged demand for facts set the standard for investigative reporting. she set the standard for investigative journalism. The woman who had challenged the trust would become an. Ida Tarbell was one of the most important muckrakers. Her work challenged the business practices of Standard Oil, one of the largest businesses in American history.

Start studying Ida Tarbell. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Ida Tarbell. STUDY. PLAY. Ida Tarbell. she exposed rockafeller, Wrote 1 of the greatest journalism investigative stories of all time was hired by McClure to write for his magazine.

Standard Oil. begins "3 or 4" stories on Rockefeller.

About Ida Tarbell | Journalist, Writer, Biographer | United States of America | UpClosed